Arthroscopic Bankart Repair: Restoring Shoulder Stability with Minimally Invasive Surgery


Shoulder instability, often caused by a Bankart lesion, can significantly impact daily activities and athletic performance. Arthroscopic Bankart repair offers a minimally invasive solution for restoring shoulder stability and function.

The Bankart Lesion and Shoulder Instability

A Bankart lesion is a tear or detachment of the labrum, a ring of cartilage that helps stabilize the shoulder joint. When the labrum is damaged, the shoulder becomes prone to dislocation or subluxation, leading to pain, weakness, and limited range of motion. Arthroscopic Bankart repair aims to restore the integrity of the labrum and prevent recurrent instability episodes.

Understanding Arthroscopic Bankart Repair

Arthroscopic Bankart repair is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that involves reattaching the torn labrum to the rim of the shoulder socket (glenoid). Unlike traditional open surgery, which requires a large incision and longer recovery times, arthroscopic Bankart repair uses small incisions and specialized instruments to access and repair the damaged tissue.

The Arthroscopic Bankart Repair Procedure

During arthroscopic Bankart repair, the surgeon makes several small incisions around the shoulder joint and inserts a tiny camera called an arthroscope. The arthroscope provides a clear view of the inside of the shoulder joint, allowing the surgeon to identify and repair the torn labrum using sutures or anchors. Once the repair is complete, the incisions are closed, and the shoulder is immobilized in a sling to promote healing.

Benefits of Arthroscopic Bankart Repair

Arthroscopic Bankart repair offers several advantages over traditional open surgery, including:

  • Minimally invasive approach: Smaller incisions, less tissue trauma, and reduced postoperative pain
  • Faster recovery: Shorter hospital stays and quicker return to normal activities
  • Improved outcomes: Better visualization of the shoulder joint and precise repair of the labral tear, leading to reduced risk of recurrent instability

Recovery and Rehabilitation

Recovery from arthroscopic Bankart repair typically involves a period of immobilization followed by physical therapy. Patients may need to wear a sling for several weeks to protect the repaired shoulder and allow the labrum to heal. Physical therapy exercises focus on restoring shoulder strength, stability, and range of motion, with gradual progression as healing progresses.

Who Can Benefit from Arthroscopic Bankart Repair?

Arthroscopic Bankart repair is recommended for individuals with recurrent shoulder instability due to a Bankart lesion. Candidates for the procedure may include athletes, active individuals, or anyone experiencing frequent shoulder dislocations or subluxations that interfere with daily life or sports participation.

Arthroscopic Bankart repair offers patients a minimally invasive option for restoring shoulder stability and function, allowing them to return to their favorite activities with confidence.

If you are experiencing shoulder instability or recurrent dislocations, talk to your orthopedic surgeon to see if arthroscopic Bankart repair may be right for you.